Yuan lei tells you how different people can protect themselves against the new coronavirus.
The outbreak of new coronavirus pneumonia is still continuing to ferment, in order to reduce the risk of infection caused by improper use of protective equipment, small make up for you to develop different risk groups of protection guidelines, guide you to carry out personal protection work.
Different risk groups can be divided into:
Industry specific personnel
Employees in specific industries are divided into:
Contact with more people: such as bus drivers, couriers, police, etc.;
Contact with patients: such as isolation ward staff, case transfer personnel, etc.;
Contact with patient secretions: such as specimen collectors, biosafety laboratory staff;
Close contacts: persons who may be in contact with confirmed cases, such as epidemiological investigators;
Contact with contaminated environment: such as environmental cleaning and disinfection personnel, body disposal personnel.
1. Ordinary family members
(1) minimize outdoor activities
Visit friends and family less and have dinner at home as much as possible. Reduce activities in crowded public places, especially relatively closed places with poor air flow, such as public baths, hot springs, cinemas, Internet cafes, KTV, shopping malls, stations, airports, docks and exhibition halls.
(2) good personal protection and hand hygiene
Family supplies thermometer, masks, household disinfection supplies and other items.
No contact with suspected or confirmed patients and the appearance of good, no odor or dirty masks, home can be placed in the bedroom ventilation dry place, in order to prepare for the next use. Masks that need to be discarded should be disposed of according to the requirements of household garbage classification.
Keep hands clean at all times. After returning from public places, after coughing and covering hands, after using the toilet before meals, wash hands with hand sanitizer or running water with soap, or use hand sanitizer.
Avoid touching your mouth, nose and eyes with your hands when unsure of whether your hands are clean. Cover your nose and mouth with your elbows when sneezing or coughing.
(3) keep good living habits
The bedroom is neat, often open the window, often ventilated, regular disinfection. Balanced diet, balanced nutrition, moderate exercise, adequate rest.
Do not spit on the ground. Wrap nasal and mouth secretions in tissue paper and dispose of them in covered garbage bins.
(4) take the initiative to monitor the health of individuals and family members
Take your temperature when you feel feverish. There are children in the home, to touch the child's forehead in the morning and evening, if there is a fever to measure the temperature.
(5) if there are suspicious symptoms, see the doctor in time
If fever, cough, pharyngeal pain, chest tightness, dyspnea, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, muscle pain and other suspicious symptoms, should be based on the disease, timely to the medical institutions.
2. Travel personnel
(1) going out daily
Daily life and work travel personnel, go out to supermarkets, restaurants and other public places and take public transportation, to wear masks, try to reduce the close contact with others.
When the risk of infection is low, such as when you are alone, driving by yourself or taking a walk in the park alone, you do not need to wear a mask.
(2) medical treatment
If you need to go to a medical institution for treatment due to suspicious symptoms, you should wear a surgical mask. You can choose a surgical mask.
When seeking medical treatment, medical staff should take the initiative to inform them of their travel and residence history and contact with others in the endemic areas, and cooperate with medical and health institutions to carry out relevant investigations.
(3) long-distance travel
People traveling long distances need to know in advance whether the destination is an endemic area.
If you must go to endemic areas, you should be provided with masks, portable hand lotion, thermometer and other necessary items. During the trip, minimize close contact with others. Wear KN95/N95 and above particulate protective masks in crowded public transportation places and in vehicles.
If the mask deforms, gets wet or soiled, it should be replaced in time. Keep the information of public transport tickets to popular areas for enquiry.
If you return from the endemic area, you should register with the local community residents committee or villagers committee as soon as possible and conduct medical observation. The period of medical observation is 14 days after you leave the endemic area.
During the period of medical observation, the body temperature and physical signs should be monitored, so as to live alone or in a single room with good ventilation, so as to reduce the close contact with family members.
3. Home isolation
(1) close contacts of pneumonia cases infected by novel coronavirus shall be kept under medical observation at home under isolation.
The period of medical observation is 14 days after the last unprotected contact with the case or infected person.
Home isolation personnel should be relatively independent living, as far as possible to reduce the contact with the co-living personnel, do a good job of medical observation site cleaning and disinfection, to avoid cross-infection. Do not go outside during the observation period. If you must go outside, you can only go outside with the approval of the medical observation manager. You should wear a surgical mask to avoid crowded places.
(2) the isolation personnel at home shall have their body temperature taken at least twice a day and shall decline to visit.
Minimize close contact with family members, and do not share with family members any items that may lead to indirect contact with infection, including toothbrushes, cigarettes, tableware, food, beverages, towels, clothing and bedding.
(iii) when others enter the residential space of the quarantined personnel, they shall wear KN95/N95 and above particulate protective masks, and do not touch or adjust the masks during the period.
Try to avoid direct contact with home isolation personnel, such as any direct contact, should be timely cleaning disinfection.
4. People in specific industries
(1) personnel of the department of public transportation, taxi drivers, service personnel of public places, armed police, traffic police, security personnel, media reporters, express delivery personnel and other professionals
Above work because of daily contact personnel is more, the risk of infection related units should be related to staff configuration disposable surgical masks or medical surgical masks or KN95 / N95 and above particulate respirators, and hand disinfectant, disinfectant wipes, the article such as thermometer, and do daily cleaning and disinfection work environment.
During the work, should do a good job of personal protection, wear a mask on duty. If the mask deforms, gets wet or soiled, it should be replaced in time. Keep your hands clean. Wash them with hand sanitizer or running water with soap, or use hand sanitizer. Take your temperature at least twice a day.
Under normal circumstances, do not need to wear protective clothing, protective masks and other protective equipment. If there are any suspicious symptoms (such as fever, cough, sore throat, chest tightness, dyspnea, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, muscle pain, etc.), you should immediately stop working and be isolated at home or seek medical treatment according to the condition.
(2) personnel working in isolation wards, personnel working in places of medical observation, and personnel transferring suspected or confirmed cases
It is recommended to wear work clothes, disposable caps, disposable gloves, disposable medical protective clothing, surgical protective masks or power supply filter respirators, protective screen or goggles, work shoes or rubber boots, waterproof boot covers, etc.
(3) epidemiological investigators
Epidemiological investigators should wear disposable work caps, surgical masks, work clothes and disposable gloves and keep a distance of more than 1 meter from the investigated subjects when conducting close contact investigations.
Suspected and confirmed cases investigation, it is suggested that wear overalls, one-time working cap, disposable gloves, medical disposable protective clothing, KN95 / N95 particulate respirators and above or medical protective mask, protective face shield or goggles, work shoes or boots, waterproof boots, etc., of suspected and confirmed cases also can consider to take the phone or video stream.
(4) specimen collectors and biosafety laboratory staff
Specimen collectors and biosafe laboratory workers are advised to wear work clothes, disposable caps, double-layer gloves, disposable protective clothing for medical use, KN95/N95 and above particulate protective masks or surgical protective masks or power supply filter respirators, protective face screens, work shoes or rubber boots, waterproof boot covers.
If necessary, waterproof apron or waterproof isolation clothing can be added.
(5) personnel for environmental cleaning and disinfection, and personnel for disposing of dead bodies
For environmental cleaning and disinfection personnel, corpse disposal personnel, it is recommended to wear work clothes, disposable work cap, disposable gloves and long-sleeved thick rubber gloves, disposable protective clothing, KN95/N95 and above particulate protective masks or medical protective masks, work shoes or rubber boots, waterproof boots, waterproof apron or waterproof isolation clothing.
When the environmental cleaning and disinfection personnel use the power supply air filter respirator, they should choose the filter box or filter tank with dust-poison combination according to the type of disinfectant, so as to protect the disinfectant and other chemicals.