Communist Party of China in23 July 1921After its establishment, under the brutal rule of the reactionary warlord government, it could only be in a state of secrecy and had no environment for open activities. During the period of the Great Revolution, the Party was busy with the cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party, carrying out the worker-peasant movement and supporting the Northern Expedition, and had no conditions to commemorate the birth of the Party.
July 1 as the birthday anniversary of the Communist Party of China was proposed by Comrade Mao Zedong in May 1938.At that time, Mao Zedong put forward in his article on protracted War: "July 1 this year is the 17th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China".This is the first time that a leading comrade of the central government has clearly stated that "July 1" is the anniversary of the birth of the party.
The origin of the name "Communist Party of China"
Cai Hesen was the first to put forward the name "Communist Party of China. On August 13 and September 16, 1920, he was studying in France for a work-study program. In two letters to Mao Zedong, he discussed the issue of the Communist Party in detail and proposed:"We must first organize the party-the Communist Party, because it is the initiator, propagandist, vanguard, and combat department of the revolutionary movement."On the basis of his inspection of the Communist Parties of Western European countries, especially the Russian Communist Party, he put forward specific steps for party building, including "blatantly and formally establishing a Communist Party of China".
Before and after this, Chen Duxiu was in Shanghai, Li Dazhao and Zhang Shenfu also discussed the name of the party through letters in Beijing, and decided to adopt the "Communist Party" as the name of the Chinese proletarian party.
Review of important events in the development of the Party
May 4th Movement
(4 May 1919)
In January 1919, the "Paris Peace Conference" decided to transfer the privileges of the defeated Germany in Shandong to Japan. The news spread to the country, and the crowd was outraged. On May 4, more than 3000 patriotic students in Beijing held a demonstration in Tiananmen Square, setting off a nationwide anti-imperialist patriotic movement. This is the famous May 4th Patriotic Movement.The May Fourth Movement marked the great beginning of China's new democratic revolution and promoted the spread of Marxism in China and its integration with the workers' movement.
First National Congress of the Communist Party of China
(July 23, 1921)
In July 1921, the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held. The meeting passed the "First Program of the Communist Party of China", which determined the party's name, goals, and basic policies.The convening of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China marked the formal establishment of the Communist Party of China, and the face of the Chinese revolution has since taken on a new look.
(1 August 1927)
In August 1927,The Nanchang Uprising fired the first shot of armed resistance against the Kuomintang reactionaries, marking the beginning of the Chinese Communist Party's independent establishment of a revolutionary army and leadership of the revolutionary war.
(January 15, 1935)
From January 15 to 17, 1935, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held an enlarged meeting in Zunyi. The meeting summed up the experience and lessons of the failure of the fifth anti encirclement and suppression campaign, focused on solving the most urgent organizational and military problems faced by the party, ended the rule of "left" dogmatism in the Central Committee, and established Mao Zedong's leading position in the Red Army and the CPC Central Committee.This meeting saved the Party, the Red Army and the Chinese revolution at an extremely critical historical juncture.
Mao Zedong's Report at Yan'an Cadre Meeting
From 1942 to April 1945, before the Seventh National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held, while leading the Anti-Japanese War behind enemy lines, the party carried out an in-depth Marxist education movement within the whole party centered on Yan'an. This is the famous Yan'an Rectification Movement.After the Yan'an rectification movement, the whole party achieved unprecedented unity and unity, laying the ideological foundation for the victory of the War of Resistance against Japan and the democratic revolution.
capture the presidential palace
(April 24, 1949)
In April 1949,The liberation of Nanjing marked the complete collapse of the Kuomintang regime's rule on the mainland.
（1 October 1949)
On October 1, 1949, at the founding ceremony of the People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong read the announcement of the Central People's Government on the Tiananmen Gate, announcing the establishment of the the People's Republic of China, opening up a new era in Chinese history, and the Chinese people have since stood up.October 1 of each year for the the People's Republic of China National Day.