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Source Lei told you how to protect yourself from different groups of people in the face of novel coronavirus?

Release time:

2024-01-29 09:38

 

Source Lei told you how to protect yourself from different groups of people in the face of novel coronavirus?

 

novel coronavirus pneumoniaThe epidemic is still fermenting,In order to reduce the risk of disease infection caused by improper use of protective equipment, small make up for everyone.Protection guidelines for different risk groups have been developed to guide everyone in personal protection work.

 

Different risk groups can be divided:
  • ordinary household personnel

  • Traveling personnel

  • Home isolation personnel

  • Industry-specific personnel

 

Among them, specific industry personnel are divided:
  • More contact with the crowd:Such as bus drivers, couriers, police, etc;

  • Contact with patients:Such as isolation ward staff, case transfer personnel, etc;

  • Contacting the secretions of a patient:Such as specimen collection personnel, biosafety laboratory staff;

  • Close contacts:possible contact with confirmed cases, such as epidemiological investigators;

  • Contacting the polluted environment:Such as environmental cleaning and disinfection personnel, corpse disposal personnel.

 


1. Ordinary home personnel


 

(I) Minimize Out-of-town Activities

 

Reduce visiting relatives and friends and dinners, and try to rest at home. Reduce activities in crowded public places, especially places with relatively closed and poor air flow, such as public baths, hot springs, cinemas, Internet cafes, KTV, shopping malls, stations, airports, docks and exhibition halls.

 

(II) personal protection and hand hygiene

 

Household supplies of thermometer, masks, household disinfection supplies and other items.

 

Masks that have not been in contact with suspected or confirmed patients and have good appearance, no peculiar smell or dirt can be placed in a ventilated and dry place in the room after returning home for next use. Masks that need to be discarded shall be disposed of in accordance with the requirements of domestic waste classification.

 

Maintain hand hygiene at all times. Wash hands with hand sanitizer or soap after returning from public places, after coughing, before meals, or after going to the toilet, or use hand sanitizer.

 

Avoid touching the mouth, nose and eyes with your hands when you are not sure whether your hands are clean. Cover your mouth and nose with elbow clothing when sneezing or coughing.

 

(III) keep good habits

 

The room is clean and tidy, open windows frequently, ventilate frequently and disinfect regularly. Balanced diet, balanced nutrition, moderate exercise, adequate rest.

 

Do not spit, mouth and nose secretions are wrapped in paper towels and discarded in a covered dustbin.

 

(IV) take the initiative to monitor the health of individuals and family members

 

Self-conscious fever to take the initiative to measure body temperature. If there are children in the family, touch the forehead of the child sooner or later, and measure the body temperature if there is fever.

 

(V) if suspicious symptoms, timely treatment

 

If suspicious symptoms such as fever, cough, sore throat, chest tightness, dyspnea, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, muscle soreness, etc., should be treated in a medical institution in time according to the condition.

 

 


2. Traveling personnel


 

(I) daily out

 

Daily life and work travelers, when going out to supermarkets, restaurants and other public places and taking public transportation, should wear masks to minimize close contact with others.

 

When the risk of infection is low, such as being alone, driving or walking alone in the park, you do not need to wear a mask.

 

(II) Visit

 

When you need to go to a medical institution for treatment with suspicious symptoms, you should wear a mask, and you can choose a medical surgical mask. Try to avoid taking subways, buses and other means of transportation, and avoid going to crowded places.

 

When visiting a doctor, medical personnel should be actively informed of the travel and residence history of the relevant disease epidemic areas, as well as the contact with others, and cooperate with medical and health institutions to carry out relevant investigations.

 

(III) long distance travel

 

For long-distance travelers, it is necessary to know in advance whether the destination is an endemic area.

 

If you must go to the disease-endemic area, you should be equipped with masks, portable hand sanitizer, thermometer and other necessary items in advance. During travel, minimize close contact with others, and wear KN95/N95 and above particulate protective masks in crowded public transportation places and vehicles.

 

The mask should be replaced in time when the protective performance is reduced due to deformation, wetting or soiling.Properly keep the public transport ticket information when going to the epidemic area for inquiry.

 

When returning from the disease epidemic area, register with the neighborhood committee and village committee of the community as soon as possible and conduct medical observation. The period of medical observation is 14 days after leaving the disease epidemic area.

 

During medical observation, body temperature, physical signs and other conditions are monitored, and living alone or in a well-ventilated single room as far as possible to reduce close contact with family members.

 

 


3. Home isolation personnel


 

 

(I) Close contacts of pneumonia cases infected with novel coronavirus are subject to home isolation medical observation.

 

The period of medical observation is 14 days after the last unprotected contact with the patient or infected person.

 

Home isolation personnel should live relatively independently, reduce contact with co-residents as much as possible, and do a good job in cleaning and disinfection of medical observation places to avoid cross-infection. Do not go out during the observation period. If you must go out, you can only go out after the approval of the medical observation management personnel. You must wear a medical surgical mask to avoid going to crowded places.

 

(II) home isolation personnel to take temperature at least 2 times a day, declined to visit.

 

Minimize close contact with family members, and do not share any items that may cause indirect contact with family members, including toothbrushes, cigarettes, tableware, food, drinks, towels, clothing and bedding.

 

When (III) others to enter the living space of isolated persons at home, they should wear protective masks with KN95/N95 and above particulate matter, and do not touch or adjust the masks during the period.

 

Try to avoid direct contact with home isolation personnel, such as any direct contact, should be timely cleaning and disinfection.

 

 


4. Industry-specific personnel


 

 

(I) public transport drivers, taxi drivers, public service personnel, armed police, traffic police, security personnel, media reporters, express delivery personnel and other industry personnel

 

The above staff are at risk of infection due to the large number of daily contacts. Relevant units shall provide relevant staff with disposable medical masks or medical surgical masks or KN95/N95 and above particulate matter protective masks, as well as hand disinfectant, disinfectant paper towels, thermometer and other items, and do a good job in daily cleaning and disinfection of the working environment.

 

During the work, personal protection should be done well, and masks should be worn on duty. The mask should be replaced in time when the protective performance is reduced due to deformation, wetting or soiling. Pay attention to hand hygiene, wash hands with hand sanitizer or soap, or use hand sanitizer. Body temperature was measured at least twice daily.

 

Under normal circumstances, do not wear protective clothing, protective masks and other protective equipment. If suspicious symptoms occur (such as fever, cough, sore throat, chest tightness, dyspnea, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, muscle soreness, etc.), you should stop working immediately, isolate at home or seek medical treatment according to your condition.

 

(II) isolation ward staff, medical observation site staff, suspected and confirmed cases transfer personnel

 

The above personnel are recommended to wear work clothes, disposable work caps, disposable gloves, medical disposable protective clothing, medical protective masks or powered air filter respirators, protective surface screens or goggles, work shoes or rubber boots, waterproof boot covers, etc.

 

(III) Epidemiological Investigators

 

When conducting close contact investigations, epidemiological investigators wear disposable work caps, medical surgical masks, work clothes, and disposable gloves, and keep a distance of more than 1 meter from the subject under investigation.

 

When investigating suspected and confirmed cases, it is recommended to wear work clothes, disposable work caps, disposable gloves, medical disposable protective clothing, KN95/N95 and above particulate matter protective masks or medical protective masks, protective face screens or goggles, work shoes or rubber boots, waterproof boot covers, etc. For suspected and confirmed cases, telephone or video streaming can also be considered.

 

(IV) specimen collection personnel, biosafety laboratory staff

 

Specimen collection personnel and biosafety laboratory staff are recommended to wear work clothes, disposable work caps, double-layer gloves, medical disposable protective clothing, KN95/N95 and above particulate matter protective masks or medical protective masks or powered air supply filter respirators, protective surface screens, work shoes or rubber boots, and waterproof boots.

 

If necessary, you can add a waterproof apron or waterproof isolation gown.

 

(V) environment cleaning and disinfection personnel, corpse disposal personnel

 

For environmental cleaning and disinfection personnel and corpse disposal personnel, it is recommended to wear work clothes, disposable work caps, disposable gloves and long-sleeved thickened rubber gloves, medical disposable protective clothing, KN95/N95 and above particulate protective masks or medical protective masks, work shoes or rubber boots, waterproof boot covers, waterproof aprons or waterproof isolation clothing, etc.

 

When the environmental cleaning and disinfection personnel use the power air supply filter respirator, select the filter box or tank with dust and poison combination according to the type of disinfectant, and do a good job in the protection of disinfectant and other chemicals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Face, personnel, mask, protection, contact, disposable, medical, isolation, work, disinfection

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